Frozen shoulder (also known as Adhesive Capsulitis) is a condition involving pain and stiffness in the ball and socket joint of the shoulder. Unfortunately, frozen shoulder can last a long time, and goes through different stages in the healing process.
Stages of Frozen Shoulder:
- Freezing stage: Any movement of the shoulder causes pain, and the shoulder’s ability to move becomes limited. This stage lasts from 2 to 9 months.
- Frozen stage: Pain might lessen during this stage. However, the shoulder becomes stiffer. Using it becomes more difficult. This stage lasts from 4 to 12 months.
- Thawing stage: The shoulder’s ability to move begins to improve. This stage lasts from 5 to 24 months.
What Causes Frozen Shoulder?
The shoulder is enclosed in a capsule of connective tissue. Frozen shoulder happens when this capsule thickens and tightens around the shoulder joint, causing a restriction in movement. Frozen shoulder typically happens to people ages 40 to 50 years old. It also happens to females more so than male in general. This is a condition in which we do not always know why it happens. It can sometimes occur after a traumatic injury, but an injury is not a requirement.
Therapeutic ultrasound may help by gently massaging underlying connective tissue, and softening it without adding extra strain on the patient. It is one of the potential treatments that may be recommended for this condition. It can also be done before exercises because it helps to increase the range of motion and improve the ability of your shoulder to stretch.